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MÖvb_g 
The Daily Muktakantha, 12 January, 1998
 
 

Bsj¨v?Êi MÖvb_g bvgK ¯vb weL¨vZ weÁvbx m¨vi AvBR¨vK wbDUb-Gi eû ¯§wZ weRwoZ GKwU wgDwRqvg cwi`k©b kl GB MíwU jLv nqQ| mLvb wMq RMr weL¨vZ GB weÁvbxi Rxebi AbK ARvbv Z_¨ Rvbv MQ| Gme wbqB GB Mí| 

jÊbi wKsmµk ij ?÷kbi wjWmMvgx Uªb GK NÈvi ågY `iZ¡ QvU GKwU gd¯^j kni MÖvb_g| kniwU AZ¨Z QvU Ges ij ?÷kbwU GZ QvU h Kvb kW bB| GKwU gvÎ c­¨vUdg©, ?÷kbi AwdmwU AZ¨Z cyibv RxY©kxY©| jÊb GK mßvn KbdviÝ I ågY kl evmvq divi c_ MÖvb_g eovbvi wm×vZ bB| hnZz jÊb _K Kbv nvji ij wUKU w`q MÖvb_g bg Nyiwdi cieZx© Kvb Uªb mB GKB wUKU w`q Kvb AwZwi³ cqmv bv w`qB MZe¨ (nvj) cuQvbv hve mnZz MÖvb_g ågY Kvb Kvc©Y¨ ev D`vmxbZv Avmwb| MÖvb_g AbKi KvQB AcwiwPZ| wK Avwg hLb RvbZ ciwQjvg MÖvb_g RMr weL¨vZ weÁvbx m¨vi AvBRvK wbDUbi ¯§wZ weRwoZ AbK wKQyB iqQ ZLb GKevi m RvqMv ågYi `p msKí KiwQjvg| hy³ivR¨i nvj wek¦we`¨vjq coZ hvevi KqK gvmi ga¨B evqvKwgw÷ªi wPd UKwbwkqvb WwfW MÖvb_g me©cÖ_g AvgvK G Z_¨ RvwbqwQjb| wZwb cÖvqB ejZb h, ÒAvgvi bvg WwfW MÖvb_g KviY Avwg MÖvb_gi evwm`v| wbDUb MÖvb_g _K GKRb weL¨vZ weÁvbx nqwQjb wK Avwg MÖvb_g Rb¥I Zvui gZ weÁvbx nZ cvwiwb|Ó cieZx©Z AviI RbwQjvg MÖvb_g Rb¥MÖnYKvix AviI GKRb weL¨vZ nqwQjb| Bwb njb weªUbi cÖv³b cÖavbgbx gvM©viU _Pvi| 

jÊbi KbdviÝ kl Ki AviI w`b wZbK Ae¯vb KiwQjvg| Kbdvi?Ýi ci Avgvi ¯Gxi GK m¤PwK©Z KvwRb Wvt mvwb I Wvt mvqgvi evmvq DwV| GLvb Dfqi gvi m?½ `Lv nq| Bbviv evsjv`k _K m¤cÖwZ jÊb eovZ GmQb| GwjRve_ M¨viU nmwcUvji KvqvU©vi mvwb`i evmvq AviI wZb w`b _K Avgv`i MZe¨ nvj wdi Avmvi Rb¨ wKsmµk ij?÷kb hvB I MÖvb_g eovbvi cwiKíbv PovZ Kwi| wbw`©ó Uªb wba©vwiZ mgqi ek AvM AbK RvqMv wbq myweavRbK wmU Pc ewm| A?±veii cÖ_g mßvn, ZLbI AUvg wK cÖwZw`b hb GKUz GKUz Ki kxZ coQ| `ki Rvbyqvwii kxZi gZ AUvgB GZ kxZ co MQ| mw`b ¸uwo ¸uwo ewói Rb¨ kxZi ZxeªZv GKUz ewk wQj| H iU AvZtbMi Uªb wQj bv ej gUªvcwjUb Uªb ågY KiZ nqwQj| Uªb Qvovi ci Kvgovi ÷cRwj÷ `L Rb wbjvg KqwU ?÷kb ci MÖvb_g| 

Avgv`i Uªb MÖvb_gi cyee©eZx© ?÷kb Qvovi ci Avgiv wPZv KiZ jvMjvg MÖvb_g bg Kv_vq wbDUbi ¯§wZ LyuR cve, Kvb Kvb ¯vb wfwRU Kij Aí mgq ewk RvqMv `Lv ne BZ¨vw`| GwU cye©wba©vwiZ ågY wQj bv, jÊb _K divi c_ AwZwi³ ågY| GRb¨ Avgv`i KvQ Kvb g¨vc ev Uz¨wi÷ MvBW wQj bv| Avgiv Lye ZvovZvwo Uªb GKRb MÖvb_gevmx LyuRZ jvMjvg| D?Ïk¨ Zvi KvQ _K MÖvb_gi `k©bxq I wbDUbi ¯§wZ weRwoZ ¯vb¸jvi GKwU aviYv cvIqv hve| Avgv`i cvk¦©eZx© wmU¸jvi KDB MÖvb_gevmx bb ev Zviv KLbB MÖvb_g wfwRU Kibwb ej Rvbvjb| Avgiv GKUz GwMq hq AviI KqKRbK wRÁvmv KiZB 18-20 eQi eqmx GKwU gq `uvwoq ek AvMÖni m?½ Avgv`i m?½ Avjvc ïiy Kij| 

t Avgiv nvj wek¦we`¨vjq covkvbv Kwi| jÊb eovZ wMqwQjvg| divi c_ MÖvb_g GKUz eovZ PvB| Avgiv evsjv`k _K Bsj¨v?Ê coZ GmwQ| Avcwb wK MÖvb_g _vKb? 

t Avgvi bvg gvM©viU| Avwg G`k MÖvb_g Rb¥wQ| wK Avgvi gv-evev `w¶Y Avwd«Kv _K 1968 mvj MÖvb_g GmwQjb| mB _K Zviv MÖvb_gB _vKb| Avwg MÖvb_gi GKwU ¯zj covïbv kl Ki jÊbi GKwU KjR cowQ| Avwg Avcbv`iK wKfve mvnvh¨ KiZ cvwi? Avwg jÊb _K QywUZ evwo GmwQ gvi m?½ `Lv KiZ| 

t Avgiv RbwQ GB MÖvb_g weÁvbx AvBR¨vK wbDUbi ¯§wZRwoZ AbK wKQyB AvQ| Lye Aí mgqi ga¨ Zuvi ¯§wZ weRwoZ wKQy Avgiv `LZ PvB| Kvb& Kvb& RvqMv wfwRU Kij Aí mgq mnR ewk `LZ cve? 

t GLvb wgmm _PviI Rb¥MÖnY KiwQjb| Avcbviv hnZz AvBR¨vK wbDUbi e¨vcvi AvMÖnx ZvB Avwg Avcbv`iK ÔAvBRvK wbDUb kwcs Kgc­·Õ `wLq `e| Avcbviv wPZv Kieb bv| GwU `wLq w`Z Avgvi AwZwi³ mgq jvMe bv ev Avgvi Kvb Amyweav ne bv| GwU ?÷kb _K Lye `yi bq| Avgvi hvevi c_B GwU coe| 

t GQvov wbDUbi bvg Avi wK wK `k©Yxq ¯vb AvQ? 

t AvBR¨vKi bvg GB kwcs Kgc­· Qvov GKwU iv¯Zvi bvgKiY Kiv nqQ| 

GB eqmi (18-20 eQi) weªwUk gq`i AbKB wKQyUv DPQsLj nq hv AvaywbKZvi dj| m hw` ejZ ÒBD n¨vf Uz Mv GÊ dvBÊ BqvimjdÓ Zvnj Avgv`i wKQyB Kivi wQj bv| wK gvM©viU hfve Avgv`i m?½ K_v ejQ I Avgv`i DcKvi Kivi Póv KiQ ZvZ gb nq m Pvq Zvi m?½ Avgiv MÖvb_g bg cwo| Avgiv hv hv `LZ PvB me wKQyB m ej `e Kv_vq wK AvQ, m bv cvij Ab¨i mvnvh¨ be| K_vevZ©vi GB ch©vq m e¨vMwU nvZ wbq Avgv`i m?½ Avgv`i wmUi cvki GKwUZ emj| Avgiv PviwU wmU `Lj Ki iLwQjvg KvRB gvM©viU AvmvZ Kvb Amyweav nqwb| gvM©viU eqm ZizYx njI gbi w`K _K LyeB mij| hv Zvi cieZx© AvjvcPvwiZvq cÖKvk cqQ| Avgv`i `ki 18-20 eQi eqmi Qjgq`i h mvaviY Ávb _yvK, weªUbi AbK Qjgqi mwU bB- gvM©viUI e¨wZµg bq| KviY LyuR cvBwb ev KvDK wRÁvmv Kwiwb| Avwg ai wbqwQ h I`i mvaviY Ávbi gvcKvwV wfb| Avgv`i `ki 15-20 eQi eqmi Qjgq`i mvaviY Ávbi gvcKvwV nj covïbvi evBi `kwe`ki Z_¨vejx, e¨w³Z¡, Avwe®vi, G RvZxq Z_¨vejx K KZ ewk Rvb| wK Gme welq weªwUk Qjgqiv mvaviYfve wcwQq ej Avgvi KvQ gb nqQ| GKRb GKevi AvjvcPvwiZvq mvgvb¨ GKUz RvwbqwQjb h, ÒZvgiv mvaviY Ávbi eB co `ki bvg, ivRavbxi bvg, jvKmsL¨v, AvqZb Gme gyL¯n Ki| Gi Kvb cÖqvM bB| DcKvi bB| Avgiv wbR Kv_vI hvB, jvKRbi m?½ wgwk, eovB, eQi GKevi nwjW Kwi- GZ Ki bZzb wKQy `Lv nq, kLv nq| wKQyUv A¨vWfÂvi nq|Ó G _K Avwg Av`vR Kijvg `yÕ`k gvcKvwV wfb| gvM©viUi mvij¨ I civcKvix gbvfveK ab¨ev` w`q Zvi m?½ Avjvc PvjvZ jvMjvg| 

t Avcbv`i m?½ jvMR wK wK AvQ? ¸wQq ivLb| ?÷kb Avgvi m?½ bg coeb| Avgvi gv ?÷kb Mvwo wbq Avmeb| Avcbv`i cwiPq cj Lye Lywk neb| Avcbviv hv RvbZ Pvb Avwg gvi KvQ _K Rb Avcbv`iK Rvbve| MÖvb_g wfwRUvi Lye GKUv Avm bv| Avcbviv we`wk GLvb GmQb GRb¨ Avgvi Lywk jvMQ| Avi Avcbv`iK Avwg mvnvh¨ Kie GRb¨ AviI ewk Lywk jvMQ| 

t wbDUbi bvg GKwU kwcs Kgc­· Avi GKwU iv¯Zvi bvgKiY Kiv nj! (Avgv`i Avðh© fve `L gvM©viU wKQyUv weeªZ nj)| 

t Avi hw` wKQy _vK Avgvi gv Aek¨B Rvbveb| Dwb AvgvK ejeb hvZ Avcbv`iK mLvb wbq hvB| 

t wK wbDUb GKRb weL¨vZ weÁvbx wQjb| Zuvi bvg kwcs Kgc­· Avi iv¯Zvi bvgKiY Kiv nj? 

t (gvM©viU AveviI weeªZ nj) Avwg `ytwLZ| Avwg ¯zj BwZnvm cwo wb| ZvB AvBR¨vK wbDUb K wQjb Zv Rvwb bv| kwcs Kgc­·-Gi bvg _K AvBR¨vK wbDUb bvgi m?½ cwiwPZ nB| Avgiv wK MÖvb_g cuQ MwQ| 20/30 mK?Êi ga¨B Uªb _vge| GwU Lye QvU ?÷kb ej Uªb Lye Aí mgq _vg| Pjyb `iRvi w`K GwMq hvB| `ywðZvi Kvb KviY bB GLvb Lye AímsL¨K hvÎx IVvbvgv Ki| Avcbv`i jvMRi wKQy cÖqvRb nj Avgvi KvQ w`Z cvib|

t Avgiv ågY ei nqwQ ZvB Lye fvwi wKQy Avgv`i m?½ bB| 

t ZvB bvwK! Zvnj GLb _K Avcbviv AvgvK AbymiY Kizb| 

Kvjv my, wRb&m UªvDRvi (c¨vÈ) I aeae mv`v MwÄ Mvq gvM©viU Ggb ¯^vPQ` Uªb _K Avgv`i bvgZ MvBW Kij h gb nq Avgiv Zvi AvgwGZ gngvb| MÖvb_g ?÷kb _K ei nqB gvM©viU Zvi gvi `Lv cj| cÖv_wgK Kzkjvw` wewbgq Kij| GB duvK Avgiv `yÕRb ?÷kbwUi Pviw`K GK bRi `L wbjvg| gvM©viU Zvi gvi m?½ Avgv`i cwiPqce© kl Ki Mvwoi w`K iIqvbv nj| Mvwo knii w`K hvevi c_ gvM©viU Zvi gvi KvQ _K RvbZ PvBj MÖvb_g kwcs Kgc­· I iv¯ZvwU Qvov wbDUbi bvg Avi wK AvQ| Zvi gv Rvbvjb, MÖvb_g wgDwRqvg G e¨vcvi hvMvhvM Kiv DwPZ| wKQy¶Yi ga¨B Mvwo GK RvqMvq _vgj, Avgiv ZvwKq `Ljvg eo Ki wjLv ÒAvBR¨vK wbDUb kwcs Kgc­·Ó| GLvb Mvwo cvK© Ki gvM©viU Avgv`i wbq Pjj MÖvb_g wgDwRqvg| PviZjv kwcs Kgc­·-Gi wfZi w`q QvU c¨vmR ai Avgiv G¸w&PQ, GKUz ciB `Ljvg GKwU iv¯Zv, gd¯^j knii cÖavb iv¯Zv ej gb nj| GwUB AvBR¨vK wbDUb ivW wnme cwiwPZ| iv¯Zv cvi nevi ci QvU GKwU gvV, Gi ciB 4/5wU evwo| wVK gvSLvb h evwowU mwUB ÔMÖvb_g wgDwRqvgÕ| gvM©viU Avgv`i m?½ AbK`zi Pj GmQ Ges wgDwRqvg ch©?3; hZ PvPQ, wK Zvi gv GKv em AvQb, Avi Avgv`i GLb Avi Kvb Amyweav bB ej gvM©viUK we`vq RvbvZ PvBjvg| m RvbZ PvBj Avgiv ?÷kb _K KZ`zi Kvb RvqMvq AvwQ m e¨vcvi Avgiv AeMZ wKbv| Avgv`i w`K ZvwKq ci¶Y mB ejZ jvMj divi mgq wKfve hZ ne| Kvb& w`K Kvb& iv¯Zv ai hZ ne BZ¨vw`| hvevi mgq nvZ bo GKivk ïfPQv Rvwbq m Pj Mj| wgwbU cvuP nuvUvi ci Avgiv wgDwRqvg cuQjvg| 

wgDwRqvgwU GKwU eo AvKvii Uª¨vwWkbvj weªwUk evwoZ Kiv nqQ| wiwmckb GKRb eq¯v gwnjv Avgv`i ¯^vMZg Rvbvjb Ges Avgv`i Avmvi D?Ïk¨ Rb Lywk njb Ze wR?Ám Kijb wbDUb m¤cK© Kb RvbZ PvB| Avgvi ¯Gx DËi w`j covïbvi KvR| gwnjv Rvbvjb, Avi gvÎ 35 wgwbU ci wgDwRqvg eÜ nq hve| Ze Awdmi KvR Pje AviI GK NÈv| Zvgiv hnZz QvÎ Avi covïbvi KvR GmQ mnZz Avwg Awdm AvIqvii wKQy mgq Zvgv`iK GjvI Kie| ZvovZvwo wWiKkb Abyhvqx GB w`K w`q fZi XzK hvI| Ay¨viv wPý Abyhvqx Avgiv G¸jvg| cyiv wgDwRqvgwU QvU QvU K?¶ fvM Kiv `iRvwenxb cÖKv?ôi gZ| nvZi Wvbw`K cÖ_g cÖKv?ô cÖv³b cÖavbgGx gvM©viU _Pvii welqvejx| Zvui e¨eüZ IfviKvU, Pkgv, eB, wekl gynZ©i wKQy `yj©f Qwe I QvU GKwU Rxebx my`ifve KvuPi Iqvj kv-Km mvRvbv| 

cieZx© cÖKv?ô weÁvbx wbDUbi GKwU cÖwZKwZ| Ggbfve mewKQy ¸wQq mvRvbv nqQ h, nVvr gb ne ¯^qs wbDUb wKQyUv byq co Uweji Dci wKQy wbq MelYv KiQb| Uwej GKwU gvg, KqKwU jÝ, wKQy cyibv eB-Gi cvZv hvZ c`v_© weÁvb A_ev MwYZi wKQy myÎ jLv wQj  GB wbq MelYviZ wbDUb| Gi cii cÖKvôwU GKUz ewk Db¥y³ Ze GKevi KvQ hvIqv hvq bv| `qvj wWmc­ evW© I Zvi mvgb Uwej wewfb? eÁvwbK hGcvwZ| GB wØZxq cÖKv?ôB weÁvbxi mePq RbkªywZ Avcji MíwU wWmc­ evW© kvfv cvQ, m?½ Avcji Qwe I GKwU Pqvii Qwe| mgqi ¯^íZvi Rb¨ cyiv Mí cov m¤¢e nqwb| Avi Pqvii QweB ev Kb ZvI cwi®vi nqwb| m mgq mwZ¨B gb Me©eva nqwQj| wbR ¯^kixi Gm `L Mjvg wWmc­ evW© weÁvbxi GKi ci GK gnvb KxwZ© I Avwe®vii K_v¸jv mvRvbv| G gynZ© me¸jv wkivbvg gb bB ïay `ywU Qvov| m `yUv nj ( That Apple & the tree, Historical Background of PRINCIPIA) cyiv wgDwRqvgi cÖvq 70% Ryo gnvb weÁvbx wbDUbi eÁvwbK MelYvi ¯§wZK ai ivLvi Póv Kiv nqQ| GB wgDwRqvg GmB cÖ_g RvbZ cvijvg h, weÁvbx wbDUb MvQ _K gvwUZ Avcj cov cÖZ¨¶ KiQb eQii ci eQi| MÖvb_g cÖZ¨¶ KiwQjb MvQi me¸jv AvcjB gvwUZ co wKbv| Avcj gvwUZ covi mgq j¤^fve co bvwK Ab¨fve| MvQi wbPUv hw` Kv`v nq Zvnj Avcj w¯i _vK bv wK k³ gvwUi nj Avcj w¯i _vK| me RvqMvq GKB wbqg wKbv GwU cÖZ¨¶ Kivi Rb¨ K¨vw¤^ªRI AbK mgq e¨q KiwQjb| weÁvbi cÖvq mKj kvLvqB GB wbew`ZcÖvY weÁvbx Zvui gnvb Avwe®vi mshvRb KiQb| Avgiv nqZ AímsL¨K Avwe®vii K_vB RbwQ| MÖvb_g wgDwRqvg weÁvbxi ¯§wZ weRwoZ wewfb? wWmc­ QvovI KwZcq ¸iZ¡cyY© `wjj msi¶Y KiQ| Gi ga¨ Zuvi eÜz`i jLv ¯§iYxq NUbvejx wjwce× AvQ| MÖvb_g wd« MÖvgvi ¯zj QvÎve¯vq Rvbvjvq wZwb wbRi bvg Lv`vB Ki wjLwQjb| GwU GLbI mB ¯zj AvQ ej Rvbvbv nqQ Ze GwUi GKwU bgybv MÖvb_g wgDwRqvg msiw¶Z AvQ| Wt DBwjqvg ÷vKwj (weÁvbxi wPwKrmK eÜz I PvP©i wgwb÷vi) Zvui wjLvq wjwce× Kib t

Ò15 GwcÖj 1726 mvj- Avwg Zuvi (wbDUb) m?½ mvivw`b GKvKx KvwUqwQjvg, wWbvii ci w`bwU Lye fvj _vKvq Avgiv Avcj MvQ¸jvi wbP ewm Ges mLvb Pv cvb Kwi| wZwb (wbDUb) AbK AvjvcPvwiZvi ga¨ Dj­L Kib h MvQ _K Avcj cov `L me©cÖ_g gva¨vKl©Y -Gi aviYv cvb| GKwU Avcj Kb me mgq wbwðZfve j¤^ iLvq gvwUZ co; GwU Dcii w`K hvq bv Kb A_ev cvk¦©iLv wKsev KvbvKzwbfve co bv Kb? j¤^ iLv Kb memgq cw_exi K`ªwe`y eivei nq, Ab¨ Kvbfve nq bv Kb?Ó 

weÁvbx wbDUbi G RvZxq aviYv I ch©e¶Y cieZx©Z wbDUbi gva¨vKl©Y myÎ wnme cÖKvk Kiv nq| 

wgDwRqvgwUi Aewkóvsk ek KqKwU k¦Z cv_ii Zwi weÁvbxi cÖwZKwZ mvRvbv nqQ| G ch©Z `Lvi ci g¨vbRvi gwnjv mgq kli msKZ Rvbvjb| AvgivI cÖvq kl Ki djwQ| ZwoNwo Ki KqKwU Qwe Zvjvi ci gwnjv cÖvq `o Gm Rvbvjb GLvb Qwe Zvjv wbla| `qvji w`K nvZ w`q `Lvjb Qwe Zvjvi wblavÁv evYx| Avgiv `ytwLZ nq Avevi wiwmckb Avmjvg| Gevi `Ljvg wKQy eyKjU I wfDKvW© wewµi Rb¨| h evwoZ wbDUb Rb¥MÖnY KiwQjb m evwoi Qwe m¤^wjZ wfDKvW©| eyKjUwU weÁvbxi Rxeb-Kg©i welq| wiwmckbi gwnjv Rvbvjb, wgBwRqvgwUi Dbqb I msi¶Yi Rb¨ KD hw` WvbU KiZ Pvq Zvnj Wvbkb e?· Zv w`Z nq| Zvgiv QvÎ ZvB Zvgv`i Kvb eva¨evaKZv bB Ze h hvB w`Z Pvq Avgiv wbq _vwK| Avgiv Lye Kg njI ev?· wKQy w`qwQjvg| G RvZxq cÖPóvi cÖksmv KiZ nq| f`ª gwnjv Dc`k w`jb, GZ Aí mgqLye ewk RvbvI hvq bv `LvI hvq bv| nvZ `yB/wZb w`b mgq wbq AvmZ nq| ZvuK ab¨ev` Rvwbq wgDwRqvg Z¨vM Kijvg| mvgb weivU jb weÁvbxi msw¶ß Rxebx m¤^wjZ AviKwU cÖwZKwZ| weKj Mwoq mܨv Avmb| Avgiv ?÷kbi w`K iIqvbv njvg| ¸uwo ¸uwo ewó ïiy nqQ| nVvr GKwU Mvwo Avgv`i cvk Gm _vgj| GK eyov f`ªjvK nvm¨v¾¦j nq wR?Ám Kijb, ÒZvgiv wK ?÷kbi w`K hvPQv? Avwg mLvbB hvw&PQ| Zvgiv Avgvi m?½ Avgvi MvwoZ Po Mj Lye Lywk ne|Ó GK_v ejB f`ªjvK Mvwoi `iRv Lyj w`jb| Zvi cvlv KzKziK ejjb, ÒZzwg Pzc Ki f`ªfve em| fviZxq gwnjviv KzKzi `L fq cvb| Avwg Bbv`iK AwZw_ KiwQ|Ó ?÷kb hvevi c_ Avgv`i m¤cK© RvbZ PvBjb Kv_v _K GmwQ, Kv_vq hvwPQ BZ¨vw`| Avevi wbR _KB ejjb wZwb wjfvicyj _vKb| MÖvb_g Zvi evbi evwo GmQb| wKQyw`b AvM Zvi evbi ¯^vgx gviv MQb AvR Zvi evbi gq Avmeb, ?÷kb _K ZvK AvbZ hvPQb| GZ kvKi gvSI wZwb ek eÜzmyjf AvPiY Kijb| MÖvb_g Z¨vMi AvM kc_ Kijvg Avi hw` Amvi myhvM nq Zvnj KqKw`bi Rb¨ Avme| MÖvb_g wgDwRqvg _K cÖKvwkZ eyKjU ÒAvBR¨vK wbDUb 1642-1727 G ?µvbvjwR Ad wnR jvBd GÊ IqvK©mÓ Abyhvqx weÁvbx wbDUbi RxebKg©i msw¶ß weeiY wbæic| 

weÁvbxi wcZvi bvgI wQj AvBR¨vK wbDUb Ges gvi bvg nvbvn&| weÁvbx wbDUbi Rb¥i wZb gvm cze© Zvui wcZv BZKvj Kib| 1642 mvji 25 wWm¤^i weÁvbx AvBR¨vK wbDUb Rb¥MÖnY Kib| wkï Ae¯vq wZwb LyeB ivMv wQjb Ges Zvui evuPvi Avkv wQj bv| 1643 mvji 1 Rvbyqvwi wZwb K¬v÷viIqv_© PvP© wLª÷vb m¤cÖ`vqfz³ nb| 1646 mvj Zuvi gv Ab¨Î weq eÜb Ave× nIqvq wkï wbDUb Djm_ic bvwbi ?øn eo nZ _vKb| 1653 mvj wbDUbi gvÕi wØZxq ¯^vgx BZKvj Kij wZwb cybivq Djm_ic wdi Avmb| 

1655 mvj MÖvbcg ivRv 6ô GWIqvW©i w_ª MÖvgvi ¯zj ¯zj Rxeb ïiz Kib| covïbvq Mfxi gbvhvMx nIqvi msK?íi KviY wKQyw`bi ga¨B `jbZv wbe©vwPZ nqwQjb| hw` ¯zj cÖvqB fvivµvbZfve wPZvgM? _vKZb|

1659 mvj cvwievwiK Lvgvi `Lvïbv Kivi Rb¨ wbDUbK ¯zj _K wbq hvIqv nq| wK Zuvi PvPvi Pvc wbDUbi gv Avevi ZuvK 1660 mvj ¯zj cvVvb|

1661 mvji 5 Ryb myweL¨vZ K¨vw¤^ªR wek¦we`¨vjqi wUªwbwU KjR QvÎ Rxeb ïiz Kib| A_© DcvR©bi Rb¨ G mgq wZwb Ab¨ QvÎ I MelK`i KvR mnvqZv KiZb|

1664 mvji 28 GwcÖj K¨vw¤^ªR wek¦we`¨vjqi ¯jvi wbe©vwPZ nb|

1665 mvji Rvbyqvwi gvm weG wWwMÖ AR©b Kib| G eQiB MÖx?®§ wZwb MwYZ kv?¯&Gi dv·b wbq wPZv-fvebv ïiz Kib hv cieZx©Z K¨vjKzjvm wnme cwiwPwZ jvf Ki| 

1665 mvji AvM÷ gvm c­M ivMi cÖv`yf©ve NUvq K¨vw¤^ªR Z¨vM Ki Djm&_ic wdi Avmb| MwYZ I `k©b kv?¯Gi D`fveb G mgqwU wbDUbi fvlvq ÔmePq mdj mgqÕ wQj|

1666 mvj jÊb ÔMÖU dvqviÕ -Gi ci c­M ivM wbgy©j nq Ges wbDUb K¨vw¤^ªR wdi Avmb| 

1667 mvji A?±vei gvm K¨vw¤^ªR wek¦we`¨vjq wUªwbwU KjR gvBbi djv wbe©vwPZ nb|

1668 mvji gvP© GKB cÖwZôvb gRi djv wbe©vwPZ nb Ges RyjvB gvm Gg G wWwMÖ AR©b Kib|

1669 mvji 23 deyªqvwi wid¬w±s Uwj?¯vc wbq MelYv Ges AwZ kw³kvjx Uwj?¯vc Avwe®vi|

1669 mvj 29 A?±vei MwYZ kvmªi jyKvwmqvb cªdmi wbe©vwPZ|

1670 mvj d¬v·b welq ÔwW g_wWm d¬v·bvgÕ iPbv Kib| 

1671 mvj wid¬w±s Uwj?¯vc iqj mvmvBwUZ cÖiY Kib|

1672 mvj iqj mvmvBwUi djv wbe©vwPZ nb|

9 wWm¤^i 1675 mvj iqj mvmvBwUZ Avjvi ag© e¨vL¨v Ki Zvi aviYv co kvbvb|

1679 mvji Ryb Zvi gv nvbvn& gZz¨eiY Kib, wbDUb eQii evwK mgqUzKz Djm&_ic KvUvb Ges Ôc­vbUvwi wm?÷gÕ Ges gva¨vKl©Y myÎvejx wjLv ïiy Kib|

1684 mvj AMv÷ gvm n¨vwji m?½ mv¶vr| Gi dj ÒwcÖwÝwcqviÓ KvR Z¡ivw^Z nq|

1686 mvj iqj mvmvBwU KZ©©K wcÖwÝwcqv cÖKvk| 

1689 mvj K¨vw¤^ªRi Gg wc wbe©vwPZ|

1693 mvj weÁvbxi ÔgvBbi bvifvm eªKWvDbÕ aiv co| MelYvMvi ivmvqwbK cix¶v-wbix¶vi mgq welv³ M¨vm _K GwU nqwQj|

20 GwcÖj 1696 mvj K¨vw¤^ªR wek¦we`¨vjq Z¨vM Ki ÔIqvW©b Ab w` wgUÕ wnme PvKwi bb|

30 bf¤^i 1699 mvj KvDwÝj Ad w` iqj mvmvBwUZ wbe©vwPZ nb|

3 deyªqvwi 1700 mvj Ôgv÷vi Ad w` wgUÕ wbe©vwPZ nb| 

bf¤^i 1701 mvj wØZxqevi Ggwc wbe©vwPZ nb|

30 bf¤^i 1703 mvj ivYx KZ©©K ÔbvBUÕ DcvwaZ fwlZ nb wK Ggwc wbe©vPb civwRZ nb|

1706 mvj AcwUKm& cÖKvkbv|

18 gvP© 1727 mvj dzmdzm RwUj ivM AvµvZ nb|

20 gvP© 1727 mvj GB gnvb weÁvbx (m¨vi AvBRvK wbDUb) BnjvK Z¨vM Mib|

28 gvP© 1727 mvj Zvi gZ`n ?÷U Bb Iq÷ wgwb÷vi A¨vweZ ivLv nq|

4 GwcÖj 1727 mvj Iq÷ wgwb÷vi A¨vweZ ZuvK mgvwnZ Kiv nq|
 


Wt gvt Aveyj gbmyi (wgj­vZ), mnhvMx Aa¨vcK, wdkvwiR UKbvjwR wefvM, evsjv`k Kwl wek¦we`¨vjq, gqgbwmsn| 
 



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